Alliteration Repeating the same letter or appear at the beginning of surrounding or closely connected words and phrases. AllusionA determine of talk that makes a reference to, or representation of, people, spots, events, literary work, misguided beliefs, or art works, either immediately or by implication. BildungsromanA type of book concerned with education, development, and maturation of your young leading part. Essentially, a Bildungsroman traces the formation of your protagonist’s maturity (the passageway from the child years to adulthood) by following the introduction of his/her mind and figure.
Breaking the fourth wallAn author or perhaps character addresses the audience straight (also known as direct address). This may accept to the target audience or target audience that precisely what is being presented is fiction, or may seek to expand the world of the storyplot to provide the illusion that they are included in this. An example can be found in the film Ferris Bueller’s Day Off when the key character speaks to the viewers by looking into the camera.
Chekhov’s gunInsertion of the apparently irrelevant object early in a narrative for a goal only unveiled later.
Discover foreshadowing and repetitive designation. Cliff-hangerThe narrative ends unresolved, to bring the audience returning to a future episode for the resolution. Deus ex machina (From Latina: a intrigue, or work of god)Resolving the primary discord by a means unrelated towards the story (e. g., a god looks and solves everything). This device dates back to ancient Greek cinema, but can be quite a clumsy approach that frustrates the audience. This has come to mean that a force steps in to ‘save the day’ or a heli-copter shows up just as the main character must hop off a building.
EpiphanyA sudden thought or insight”usually with a symbolic role in the narrative”in a literary work. First Person NarrationA text provided from the point of view of a character (esp. the protagonist) and created in the first person. Oftentimes, the first-person narrative is used so as to directly communicate the deeply internal, normally unspoken thoughts of the narrator. Occasionally this narrator is seen as difficult to rely on. In some cases, the narrator gives and withholds information based upon his/her very own viewing of events.
It is an important task for the reader to determine as much as possible about the smoothness of the narrator in order to determine what “really happens. Crucial note: See page 4 for point form summarize. Flashback (or analeptic reference)General term to get altering period sequences, currently taking characters to the beginning of the story, for instance Flash-forwardAlso called prolepsis, an interjected scene that temporarily jumps the narrative forward over time. Flash forwards often symbolize events anticipated, projected, or perhaps imagined to occur in the future.
They may also expose significant parts of the story that contain not yet occurred, but quickly will in greater detail. This has been highly popularized by simply several tv programs. ForeshadowingHinting at events to occur later. Observe also Chekhov’s gun. Shape story, or possibly a story within a storyA main story that organizes a series of shorter stories or a short story which is used within one other to add meaning to the various other. Framing deviceA single actions, scene, event, setting, or any element of relevance at both the beginning and end of any work.
HamartiaThe character flaw or problem of a tragic hero that leads to his downfall. HyperboleExaggeration used to stimulate strong thoughts or produce an impression which is not meant to be used literally. ImageryForming mental pictures of a field using detailed words, specifically making use of the human being senses. In medias resBeginning the story during a sequence of events. The Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer happen to be prime good examples. The latter operate begins with the return of Odysseus to his house of Ithaka and then in flashbacks speaks of his 10 years of roaming following the Trojan viruses War.
IronyThis discrepancy among expectation and reality happens in three forms: situational irony, where a situation comes with a discrepancy among what is anticipated and precisely what is actualized; dramatic irony, where a character is usually unaware of crucial information currently revealed to the audience (the difference here lies in the two degrees of awareness between character as well as the audience); and verbal irony, where a single states the one thing while which means another. The between mental irony and sarcasm can be exquisitely simple and often contested.
The concept of paradox is too generally misunderstood in popular use. Unfortunate situations and coincidences do not make up irony (nor do they will qualify to be tragic). Reader’s note: “Isn’t it satrical? simply by Alanis Morisette contains a lot of examples, several of them are certainly not ironic in any way. JuxtapositionUsing two themes, character types, phrases, words, or scenarios together pertaining to comparison or perhaps contrast Story hookStory starting that “hooks readers’ focus so hi there will keep reading OverstatementExaggerating a thing, often pertaining to emphasis (also known as hyperbole) OnomatopoeiaWord that sounds similar to, or comparable to what the phrase means, at the. g., “boom or “squish OxymoronA term made of two words that deliberately or coincidentally suggest each other peoples opposite, elizabeth. g. “terrible beauty ParadoxA phrase that describes a good idea composed of concepts that issue. A good example occurs in the 1st sentence of A Tale of Two Metropolitan areas by Charles Dickens: “It was the best of times, it had been the worst of times (1).
ParodyRidicule by over-stated imitation, generally humorous, as in MAD Journal Pathetic fallacyReflecting a character’s (usually the protagonist) feeling in the ambiance or inanimate objects”for example, the thunderstorm in William Shakespeare’s Ruler Lear, which mirrors Lear’s mental damage. PathosEmotional charm, one of the three modes of persuasion in rhetoric which the author uses to motivate pity or sorrow to a character”typically does not counterbalance the target character’s suffering with a positive outcome, such as Tragedy.
PersonificationUsing comparative metaphors and similes to give living characteristics to non-living items. Plot twistUnexpected change (“twist) in the path or expected outcome with the plot. Graceful justiceVirtue finally rewarded, or vice reprimanded, by an ironic turn of fate related to the character’s individual conduct Self-fulfilling prophecyPrediction that, by being produced, makes itself come true. Early examples include the legend of Oedipus. There is also an example of this in Harry Potter.
SatireThe use of connaissance, irony, hyperbole, or poker fun at to expose and criticize householder’s stupidity or perhaps vices. Physical detailImagery, view, sound, style, touch, smell Stream of consciousnessTechnique where author publishes articles down their thoughts as fast as they come, typically to create an interior monologue, seen as leaps in syntax and punctuation that trace a character’s fragmentary thoughts and sensory thoughts. An example is usually “Ulysses. SymbolismApplied use of emblems: iconic representations that bring particular conventional meanings.