A. The Five Project Management Process Organizations The five project managing process teams begins with ‘The scoping process group’ which can become referred to as the initiating method. The process contains all procedures that correspond with one query ‘What may be the task? ‘ and ‘What do you need to do? ‘. As a result, NASA’s perspective is to frequently develop airline flight technologies and from this NASA embarked on for the Autonomous Rotorcraft Project. The project comprises developing a great unmanned heli that preferably operates with all the decision making skill of a piloted aircraft.
The scoping process means that task management staff can set up what is need to achieve the clients requirements, in this job they incorporate; -manoeuvre about obstacles with no human supervision -accomplish top level mission goals -conduct motor vehicle health management activities, which is diagnosing and fixing problems on the machine quickly – in order to re prepare the mission if unanticipated obstacles happen. Secondly is definitely the process of project planning process relates to problem ‘How will you do it? ‘. The intricacy of this procedure is unrealised as it requires technologies that are yet to become discovered.
For example , just to travelling from stage A -B the independent helicopter should sense, sort and recognize surrounding attractions and then reconcile those landmarks with placed maps. It is going to then need to localise itself with those specific attractions, rapidly compute a route that would store it from different oncoming obstacles and carefully follow its chosen path. These tips remain challenging in the project planning level as we have a lack of obtainable autonomous systems and resources.
Not only do NASA want to develop an Independent Rotorcraft in addition, it seeks to progress unmanned motor vehicle operations intended for future projects( Whalley, 2003). After the job planning process, comes the project introducing process. This process includes all processes linked to recruiting and organising they and creating operational guidelines. It also mainly includes having the project began.
The job manager allowed the team members to incorporate changes and agree with their own obligations as it enables them to accomplish their duties in a more efficient manner. To ensure this was the situation was to plan regular presentations of the groups accomplishments, ensuring a specific amount of work was accomplished before it had been presented. The monitoring procedure, includes most processes related to the ongoing operate of the job. An example of this is the ARP task website that was created to retain information with the project therefore upper administration and stakeholders are aware of the projects progression.
The last procedure group may be the closing procedure, this specifically entails the notion of ‘How well would the project go? ‘ After the completion of the job, the project manager found that the needs needed to be attained of each part of the team and communicate individual obligations effectively. Whilst there was not many on going issues the task manager learned that the time spent scheduling travel arrangements took very long than anticipated, it will be taken into account for the future to minimise any delays. W. Classify the project Risk: Is an important part of this task.
It generally includes; risk identification, risk assessment, risk mitigation and risk monitoring. Risk regarding project supervision is a upcoming event which usually happens with probability and induces change. The autonomous rotorcraft can be subject to risk, these can most commonly include holds off which can produce a loss for the project, and therefore revealing the job to cost increases. Organization Value: The notion of business value helps the companies strategic goals and meets end user information requirements. Thus it requires to be a great investment intended for NASA.
As a result the autonomous rotorcraft can be an investment to get the business as it enables future innovations to be primarily based of this job for different differing autonomous vehicles. Timeframe: The duration of the task began in 2002 and was on with ARP groups nominations intended for 2005 project of the year. It has been traveling by air autonomously as March 2004 and has been flight tested weekly intended for 30-60 minutes per air travel. The system in the present Rotorcraft have been flown inside the same configuration settings since Nov 2005. Complexness: The difficulty of this job is very hard as mentioned earlier, this is because the rotorcraft can be unmanned and desires to make various decisions through its Cpanel based software.
Technology: The technology employed in the Autonomous Rotorcraft is complex and due to this confronted many issues and road blocks. The technology is sophisticated. NASA’s mission was to expand its technology and competence regarding computerized systems.
Specifically the job management crew would produce a flying lab consisting of systems such as advanced flight regulates, a reactive planner and an all camera system with tracking and passive ranging capabilities. The Autonomous rotorcraft is a Phazer RMAX heli-copter, which was selected as the project UAV platform. Had originally been developed intended for remote control seeding and spraying and therefore was notably sturdy and dependable.
Due to this many modifications were created to the rotorcraft to support autonomous operations. Included in this are the additional avionics which in turn does navigation and flight laptop control, an experimentation pc, a GPS DEVICE receiver and radio communications (Freed, 2006). Cost: The fee for this task has not been unveiled, although finances was kept. C. Just how did the project suit against the eight Project administration Knowledge areas Integration Supervision focuses on the bigger tasks that must be done pertaining to the job to operate.
Thus it’s the practise to ensure that every portion of the project is usually coordinated. The project administrator must be incredibly competent at this kind of to ensure that the project runs smoothly. The Autonomous Rotorcraft project supervisor planned very well, as they had taken many things into mind regarding this. As mentioned previously, the job manager utilized techniques to create motivation for team members. The main technique was scheduling frequent meetings and demonstrating the teams current accomplishments.
By these conferences the project manager could then provide extra recourses intended for the task in areas that need additional information. As a result the job was executed successfully and a high level of integration administration was attained. The second expertise area of Scope Management is a details and processes in the project.
It is necessary to have a detailed plan prior to starting the task. This meaning a clear goal. Which is very clear; ‘To develop a great unmanned helicopter’. Whilst it can be beneficial to be familiar with scope with the project also, it is important to understand that changes may occur throughout the project, which in turn fall under this unique knowledge region.
Due to the good outcome from the project, opportunity management was achieved, while challenges and communication were met efficiently. Similarly to this really is time supervision, the ARP met all scheduling goals and finished each period with no booking delays. Hence it is realized that, the project acquired sufficient methods and a great time management strategy.
Cost managing is just as useful as time management. This knowledge place includes cost estimating and budgeting. After the cost intended for the ARP project was estimated, the project administrator must control the cost and make becomes the budget because needed. The cost of the task would have been fluctuating while the reliability changes as the task would have developed. Furthermore, quality management is a crucial knowledge place as the ARP might have had to have recently been measured against a similar predetermined acceptable measure.
The task manager would of a new quality managing plan in the beginning in the task, as this kind of effects other areas such as range, time price and most significantly risk. Human resource management is responsible for the project business, the selection of associates on the ARP (assigning staff) and task organisation. Whilst the task manager assesses the performance of the crew, so truly does human resource management by a different perspective – this kind of also includes the project way. Along with this comes communication supervision, which is extremely important in the ARP.
This includes the ARP job website, that was created to keep NASA pc information and communications technology system for top management and stake owners to be aware of the projects progress. The team as well provided project updaters to potential customers, such as; The Department of Homeland Security, the National Technology transfer center and other NASA researchers.. This kind of communication managing offers dual benefits since it is marketing the rotorcraft and maintaining a strong customer base pertaining to future jobs. As well as this kind of, all the material communicated was accessible to the team via the website, these included; air travel plans, authorised documents, arranging and press.
Another job management place is Risk management, this involves just how risks are managed for the project. The project manager must recognize these problems and plan how the staff will respond to them in a confident manner. These kinds of risks included, coordinating the ARP task team, mainly because it consisted of people from numerous different backgrounds and thus the project manager guaranteed communication remained strong. One other challenge the team was faced with while scheduling air travel tests, this kind of took more time than formerly anticipated and therefore ran risk of delays, to combat this more time was put foreword to ensure that there is no upcoming delays.
Last but not least is purchase management, this is a set of procedures that links to the supply chain sector of the ARP project. It really is when services or goods need to be from an outside organisations. The task manager plans these buys of products that cannot be presented from their personal company.
This is very important as it backlinks directly with quality managing, this is because it is hard to ensure quality is shipped from another supplier in a appropriate cost that satisfies budget. Realization It must be reiterated that The Independent Rotorcraft Project was carried out successfully. There are many areas that need to be covered by the project group in order for this kind of to be a easy operation.
Whilst there are some areas that are of more importance to others, it truly is ideal to possess a team that may respond to all positive and negative circumstances that the task may come across. The ARP project, fitted well against all eight Project Supervision areas, as a result NASA portrayed a high level of satisfaction while using project.