The science of human language
Language is the subject matter of linguistics
What is dialect?
MEANS OF DISCUSSION
Sound /Phonetics /Phonology
Male or female
Limited set of rules / infinite
To be under pledge
SCHOOLS OF LINGUISTICS
School /Trend /Approach /Frame of Considering
Concepts / Underpinnings
A history of Linguistics is separated into:
a. Before a science
b. After a science
Before it was established as being a science ( a human science)Linguistics was in
fact ‘ Traditional Grammar’.
Traditional Grammar: Prescriptive
Manuals of Rules of Pharmaceutical
The sixth century BC
The dominance of Philosophy
All academic disciplines were considered as component pf Idea. Grammar, too.
The focus was in ‘ created language’.
Grammar= The ability of Writing.
Language, pertaining to the Greeks, is a group of regular habits.
Grammar is the organized way of studying these habits.
The Greeks were the first to make use of the notion ‘Parts of Speech’.
Escenario: Nouns and Verbs.
Thrax: Adverbs, Participles
Let’s eat, Grandma!
Parts of Talk:
Open-class: Noun; Verb; Adjective; Disjunctive
Closed-class: Pronoun; Document; Preposition; Conjuction;
The Naturalists as opposed to The Conventionalists
Among the hottest debates in the times of the Greeks:
Nalturalit view as opposed to Conventionalist view
Make use of language is definitely taken for granted.
Language is a means of conversation.
Linguistics is the study of this means.
‘Folk Linguistics’ / ‘Ethno-linguistics’ is definitely the beliefs that we have about dialect and about the origin. Hypotheses of the Beginning of Vocabulary.
‘Folk Linguistics’ has developed in curiosity and awareness regarding ‘Language’ sometime later it was into ‘Linguistic Science’. Linguistics is a human science / Human Sciences / The Humanities. This science hasn’t grown from the beginning, but from its past. Every science includes a past.
Yesteryear of Linguistics is classic and modern.
Traditional Grammar can be prescriptive and subjective; it is far from independent. Contemporary Linguistics is definitely descriptive and independent. It really is subject to a methodology and adopts the principles and tactics of modern scientific research.
The Greek philosophers were enthusiastic about language.