This post focuses on the globalization of culture and the role of media in the ensuing identity crisis (both individual and social) resulting from this process. The content tries to screen the basic idea of the process of globalization with all of it is effects, risks, challengesï¼Œand chances and will illustrate its interaction with the press in developing countries. The essay displays that the key components of electric power structure today can be connected to these two free of charge processes “globalization and the data era.
The conversation between these two phenomena has evolved the quality of marketing and sales communications which, consequently, is creating new personal and sociable identities (personification and personifying). According to survey benefits, it is clear that in societies which are not successful in reinforcing and strengthening their connection infrastructures and which are not able to compete with the new methods of conversation and information exchange, id formation benefits political, economical and broadly adverse and asserts an unrepairable destruction.
In conclusion, the article attempts to present a lot of proposals for developing countries’ media “as the effective player on this era ” and offers approaches to deal with the unavoidable means of globalization and identity problems.
Globalization, the modern Phenomenon
The positive effect, which also has been called global construction, global orientation and global expansion by different schools of thought, is definitely the latest phase process in an old method rooted in the expansion of recent capitalism and encompassing the political, financial and cultural realms globally. Modern capitalism that initially emerged inside the sixteenth 100 years is a much more complex trend embracing a broader economical spectrum and a more comprehensive definition than the concept of common market. As a result, some professionals view it because “contraction and condensation at the global range coupled with ever-increasing expansion of awareness (Robertson, 1992, p. 8).
Various have expressed different and even contradictory definitions of the positive effect in their discussions over the past several years. According to British sociologist Anthony Giddens, some sociable sectors happen to be utterly pessimistic about the positive effect and deny it in the entirety. However, there are those who perceive globalization as a definite reality with profound and inevitable outcomes.
Yet you will discover others, who have are generally known as Global Expansionists. They watch globalization since an inescapable development developing ever-increasing momentum due to the amplification, rise of global communications and the waning importance of countrywide boundaries. Consider that national economies, ethnicities and plans will integrate into a global network and that local and national expert and hence dominance will reduce in favor of a homogenous global economy and culture (Held, 2000).
On the reverse side of the range, there are other arguments against the virtues of globalization. Giddens (1999b) refers to them because the pessimists, and they will include a gamut of those from the fans to those difficult the prominence of capitalism. They understand globalization as synonymous to westernization and Americanization. They even include the environmentalists.
This kind of school of thought states that the positive effect will create a world of winners and guys along with the global conquest and economic dominance, superiority of certain political groupings, especially in the wealthy nations such as the U. S i9000. These groupings are sufficiently strong to resist any stresses to alter the modern world-order and can impose their particular desires and goals while global daily activities and operate plans. The promoters with this school of thought emphasize the waning
of national sovereignty and local identification and the eventual prevalence of inequality and injustice in the world (Rupert, 2000).
Meanwhile, a lot of dispute the idea of the “global village launched by Marshall McLuhan and envision mare like a “global pillaging for the underdeveloped countries (Held, 2150, p. 25). There are various other theoreticians who dispute this kind of widely placed view. For instance , Giddens difficulties this prospective client and is convinced that the rich should not be blamed for all the adverse aspects of this kind of phenomenon, which usually actually is at some level very similar to the westernization procedure. However , the positive effect is becoming ever-increasingly decentralized and therefore it is not focused by a particular group of countries or multinational companies. However, western countries are struggling with this new trend. There is increasing evidence of Inverted Colonialism. Upside down Colonialism could possibly be defined as the impact of non-western countries around the development of western culture and economy (Giddens, 1999a). Relating to Giddens not only is usually globalization a novel encounter, it is a revolutionary phenomenon. Moreover to its economic outcomes, its personal, technological and cultural impact can not be under estimated. More than anything, globalization is usually influenced by advancement of communication devices.
In the middle of both of these extreme positions, there is a third opinion, which is called “transformationalism. This point of view gives limited importance to globalization and emphasizes the value of countrywide and local organizations (Mirabedini, 2001, p. 147). This third view does not condemn the whole of the positive effect and praises its gains. These students note that although globalization imposes a great deal of pressure on neighborhood economies and cultures, it is also possible to transform this threat in to an opportunity, thus resisting staying conquered by it.
Based on this kind of viewpoint, the leaders worldwide would support the notion of democratization of worldwide institutions; and nations can play a decisive position in the policymaking process underneath the framework with the new world purchase and solidify their territorial rights and legitimacy (Held, 2000). The acceptance with this notion is usually reflected in the response of former People from france Premier Leonel Jospin around the issue of France’s nationwide identity in the globalization method. He said, “We is going to do our better to make the positive effect an internal and endemic procedure in conformity and a harmonious relationship with our lifestyle.
This individual argued that “The program this the positive effect process requires will depend on the action put into effect in relation to that, because though globalization can be described as fact, it is far from an end in itself. We must bring it under control whenever we are to get pleasure from its rewards and prevent its negative aspects (Jospin, 2001). It can therefore be figured the present variety of opinions about globalization, differs from the definition of capital enlargement of the 16th century. In this sense it is a new concept based on the ever-increasing time-space compression and the enhancement of public understanding and recognition due to the profound alteration in communication devices and its enormous impact on monetary, political and cultural tendencies.
It can be explained fairly that “Globalization is a complex sensation, marked by simply two other forces. On the one hand, it is seen as a massive financial expansion and technological innovation. On the other hand, there is increased inequality, social and social tumult, and individual alienation (Mowlana, 98, p. 22). Globalization of Culture and Identity in the Information Age On the subject of globalization, the most debatable debate is raised for the issue of cultural globalization and its primary topic, the “identity crisis and the position of mass media as a assisting tool due to its expansion or perhaps limitation.
The notion of social globalization has prompted different reactions, reflecting contradictory implications. Some see this trend as musical instrument for establishment of general unity and democracy based on a global tradition signified as the “global village. According to the rules of McLuhan (1968, 1964), this is due to the development of new conversation systems. However , others disagree and say that the positive effect has not ended in a single political and economic identity (Rajaei, 2001). In contrast, ethnical globalization provides destroyed nationwide identities. Fukuyama challenges the thought of cultural globalization. He argues that irrespective of external economical pressures, communities tend to preserve their individual identities and cultural principles eventually determine the economic direction of the countries. This does not mean that communities will not be influenced by the the positive effect trend. Yet , there are even more profound factors in nationwide cultures, which usually resist the uniformity derived from economic and political ideologies.
Critics argue that cultural globalization will result in social dominance and supremacy. The deterioration of endemic cultures will be replaced with a general culture endorsing excessive intake and prominence of the economical and i . t powers on the planet.
These college students believe that the western world is unfit to realise a suitable response to cultural the positive effect. This is because it truly is being challenged by several social and cultural problems, itself.
Tomlinson, one of the world class theorists says: “The cultural globalization we are watching today is not the web result of individual endeavors and experiences as well as it has certainly not equitably benefited from social diversities. Somewhat it is the symptoms of dominance of a certain overpowering culture (Skelton & Allen, 1999, l. 23). These kinds of researchers highlight that the work made to conform to the hostile culture or interpret american culture in numerous parts of the world have had catastrophic results and still have revealed insurmountable cultural gaps. Thus, it really is impossible to make a global traditions with this action, and that only widens the existing gap between cultures.
Doubtless, globalization has affected certain beliefs rooted in major made use of and nationalities of the world. Ideas of good and evil, correct and wrong, individualism and pluralism, specific interaction together with the society as well as the very which means of lifestyle are all warped and dangerous by global capitalism, international markets, mass media and the advertising of abnormal consumption. Even some community languages and valuable customs are on the verge of disappearance as the result of the positive effect. Global consumerism is now forming a homogeneous global lifestyle where indigenous cultures from the South will be being changed by Western cultures (Muzaffar, 2002).
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