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Scientists hence call this kind of tendency a “genetic vulnerability” to inherit depression (Read 2007: 1)
Biologically, bipolarity is not really caused by human brain damage although there is mounting facts that the brains of zweipolig patients seem different from these without disposition disorders. A 2000 analyze in the American Journal of Psychiatry which the brains of patients with bipolar disorder contain 30% more skin cells that send signals to other brain cells, recommending that the extra signal-sending cellular material may lead to a kind of over-stimulation, creating the rapid shifts of maximum moods feature of the disease (Read 2007: 1). Nevertheless , whether the disease causes different brain configuration or the extra cells triggers the disorder still continues to be a secret.
To add to the mystery of treating this kind of illness, because bipolar disorder has two distinct disposition components, that of mania, which of despression symptoms, treating this with medicine can be specifically difficult. People with bipolar disorder usually must remain on some form of medical therapy for the duration of their very own lives, and quite often different treatment plans must be prescribed, and medications should be readjusted according to whether a patient is in a depressive or perhaps manic stage. For example , for patients in lithium, additional medications are usually added to the patient’s treatment to specifically talk about the effects of the mania or depression (“Bipolar disorder, ” 2007, NIH).
Anti-psychotic prescription drugs are used to take care of particularly resistant manic episodes, while antidepressants that increase serotonin levels are used to take care of the depressive phase in the illness. Atypical antipsychotic prescription drugs are also sometimes prescribed to treat mania, and evidence suggests clozapine can be helpful as a mood backing for people who tend not to respond to li (symbol) or anticonvulsants, because that they lower dopamine levels.
Lithium remains one of the popular therapies for bipolar depression the first mood-stabilizing medication for both mania and depressive episodes. 1 medication , quetiapine (Seroquel), has been approved by the Food and Drug Operations to treat both manic and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder. (“Bipolar disorder, inches 2007, the Mayo Clinic). The medicine that is most successful depend upon which patient’s exceptional chemical balance, how his or her mania and depression show itself, and therapy to learn coping approaches and self-care also improves the effects of most medications in patients, but is not a replacement for medication.
Unwanted side effects for feeling stabilizers, with respect to the specific medication may include weight gain, nausea, tremor, reduced sexual drive or performance, anxiousness, hair loss, movement problems, or perhaps dry mouth area (“Bipolar disorder, ” 2007, NIH).. One of the dangerous unwanted side effects of any medication intended for bipolar disorder is that in the event drugs are certainly not carefully well balanced in tandem, for example , if antidepressants are used to tremble a patient away of his or her depression, then a manic event may be brought on if too much of an antidepressant is approved to the affected person. Thus, in the matter of Susie, a similar treatment recommended for her older relatives that suffered unipolar depression will not be appropriate.
Belmaker, L. H. (2004) “Medical Biology: On Zweipolig Disorder. ” New Engl. J. Scientif.
351: 476. Retrieved 1 Aug 2007 at http://scienceweek.com/2004/sb041029-5.htm
Bipolar Disorder. ” (2001). National Institute of Mental Health. Recovered 1 August 2007 by http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/bipolar.cfm
Bipolar Disorder. inch (2007). The Mayo Center. Retrieved one particular Aug 2007 at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bipolar-disorder/DS00356
Read, Kimberly. “What causes bipolar disorder? ‘ Well being on the Net: Regarding. com. Gathered 1 Aug 2007 by http://bipolar.about.com/cs/bpbasics/a/what_causes_bp.htm