Compare and contrast japan and china dissertation

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Published: 31.12.2019 | Words: 1235 | Views: 408
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China and Japan, both with 1, 000 years of historical culture and civilization background, share several similarities and differences. Confucianism is a collectivist based value system which in turn embraces a collection of moral requirements of patterns designed to regulate the human relationships between leader and subject matter, father and son, good friend and neighbor, husband and wife, and brother and brother. Even though both China and tiawan and The japanese employed Confucianism as the state ideology, there was many top features of Confucianism in the two countries that molded each country’s societies.

Cina and Asia isolated themselves from the remaining world at first, but down the road, the differences reacting to the pressure from the West led those to different pathways. This essay is going to compare and contrast two key differences between Japan and China, that include a cultural legacy generally known as Confucianism plus the response to the West in 19th 100 years. To begin with, Confucianism stresses particular social associations, but it is usually a universal moral code, which makes it easy for the Japanese adoption.

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However , japan transform it within their way and a certain level Confucian principles are applied to relationships carrying a different which means from all those in China. At its most basic of traditions, Chinese morality is founded on the family members structure, together with the most important social ties being that of parent or guardian and child and its blood-related family teams. The Japanese ethical system is founded on a set of kinship relations that go beyond blood vessels ties or perhaps extend to members who have no blood vessels relationship, together with the primary tie up being that between leader and follower. Consequently , Japanese politics culture is more group-oriented, more tribal, or more radical. One more example is a paired principles of loyalty and filial piety that characterize both cultures. The two of these values happen to be related: both are the tasks we must pay back to our managers. Loyalty can be our responsibility to our leader, and filial piety is our work to our father and mother.

Both came into the Japanese culture as part of the Confucian influence, but they are treated in different ways in China and Japan. In Cina, “filial piety or respect for parents is the central of theserelationships and the the one which binds the Confucian meaning system jointly. Confucianists assume that if everyone internalizes this kind of ‘family principles, ‘ culture will come in tune with heaven, and harmony, satisfaction, and wealth will ensue as a matter of course (Miller, John H). When there is also a conflict involving the two, our duty to the parents generally outweighs that to the ruler. In Japan, the Japanese do not acknowledge this tension or contradiction: one is a sucursal child only when one offers loyal in order to one’s excellent. Therefore , dedication is indicated in unquestioning slave-like compliance and suggests total selfless devotion to one’s lord. In other words, devotion in the Japan culture generally take precedence over filial piety.

Additionally , harmony, instead of competition, is one of the core Confucian ideas plus the concept in order to to form both Chinese language and Japanese political nationalities. Both Cina and Asia are highly “collectivistic societies beneath the Confucian effect, in which each person is born and melt into a collective organization either family, clan, group, society, or state, every person knows his or her status and identity pertaining to others in social associations, and each person is required to adapt the ordinaire values. However , in The japanese, more emphasis is placed in group orientation and dedication to the group, for it is definitely the group that provides one a social identity, provides a feeling of security, and receives the rewards of service. Not only the household and the village yet also co-workers, fellow students, neighbors, as well as industrial areas constitute the important groups that one receives social position and id.

The Second Imperialism of the nineteenth century, powered by both equally America and Western Europe profoundly affected Africa and Asia. In Asia, the two Japan and China had been impacted, however in very different methods. Japan could ward off the threats of imperialism, and emerge as being a world electric power. China, however, suffered losing sovereignty and status. The elites of both countries responded to the challenges carried by Western penetration by starting reforms. In Japan, the Meiji regime chose to rebuilding themselves entirely through Westernization, while in China, the Qing government chose instead to hold on to classic Chinese principles and organizations. China’s efforts at reform, the Self-Strengthening Movements, was in essential traditional answers to traditional challenges. There was no significant, large-scale industrialization in China, and they displayedlittle motivation to forego traditional soberano institutions which were incapable to dealing with contemporary problems.

China cultural pleasure was simply too deeply ingrained, my numbers were so high that it started to be an impediment, blinding many Chinese and preventing these people from knowing the need to study from the barbarians and for fundamental change. However, Japanese attempts to adopt international technology to meet their armed forces and industrial needs were largely powerful. The Meiji regime, nevertheless , saw that military technology and industrialization could not always be separated by institutional structures that got produced and accompanied this kind of developments in the West, and revealed little doubt in changing or abolishing traditional corporations in favor of the ones that could provide Japan the modernity that needed to make it through. Overall, the Meiji Restoration was a tremendous success to get the Japanese and allowed those to join the ranks of Western fresh imperial forces. Both countries pursued the goal of a “rich nation and strong army as the best way to modernization through the Self-Strengthening Motion in Chinese suppliers and the Meiji Restoration in Japan.

Nevertheless , most of the reconstructs in the Self-Strengthening Movement belonged to the surface level of modernization which included developing technology of military and lightweight and bulkier industries, and certain infrastructures. The reforms in the Meiji Restoration not simply replicated the fabric manufacturing technology, but also touched the lining and deeper parts of American civilization that included political structures and legal systems, and Western types of idea, culture and ways of thinking. China and Japan, due to geographical proximity, historical, and cultural jewelry, have many comparison. Confucianism enjoyed a very important component in the two Chinese and Japanese, but their different understandings in many same concepts cause different cultures and communities.

In addition , throughout the nineteenth hundred years, facing the pressure of the West, distinct responses improvements the fortune of Chinese suppliers and Japan. Chinese taken care of immediately the Opium Wars and western attack through a mix of challenging the West, taking on traditional methods, challenging the Qing Dynasty, or in search of moderate reforms. Japan, though never overcome, responded to the intrusion of West quite differently. Instead of looking to days gone by, the Japanese searched for to emulate the West. During the Meiji Restoration, The japanese modernized. The japanese sought in order to avoid China’s fortune by adopting aspects of Traditional western culture and faced a turning point in its history.

Functions Cited

Callier, John H. “Belief Systems and Religions.  Contemporary East Asia: An Introductory History. Armonk, N. Con.: M. Electronic. Sharpe, 2008. 19. Produce.