For many years, individuals have battled substance abuse and addiction. My personal position comes from hearing about it, having viewing results from this, and browsing about it, also developing my own, personal thoughts regarding addiction. Zumal and Rosen (1993) believe a medication use (and addiction) results from humans longing for a sense of completeness and wholeness, and trying to find satisfaction outside of themselves. McNeece and DiNitto (2012) according to the reason why persons continue to use drugs to the stage of becoming a physically and/ or mentally dependent on options more complex, several have tried to explain this kind of phenomenon being a deficit in moral ideals, a disease, health and fitness or learned behavior, or perhaps as a innate prosperity.
Continue to some notice it as a “rewiring of the human brain (Mc Neece & DiNitto, 2012).
Now, there is no a single theory that adequately explains addiction (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). Addiction is not easily defined. For some, this involves the “continued, self-administered use of a substance in spite of substance- related problems, and it brings about tolerance to get the substance, withdrawal in the substance, and compulsive drug- taking patterns due to cravings or drives to use the substance (Schuckit, 1992, s.
182). No single theory adequately explains the etiology of dependency or dependence (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). Most models of addiction is an “addictive disease (Washton, 1989, l. 55). In this paper will compare and contrast the moral model and the disease model conceptualizing addiction. Explain the two about how they take competing views on habit, and an overview on a theory that can be most successful in helping to intervene about addiction.
The Moral Version
One of first theories agreed to explain the etiology of addiction is definitely humankind’s guilty nature (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). Since it is difficultto show empirical evidence of a sinful characteristics, the meaningful model of craving has been generally discredited by modern college students. However , the legacy of treating dependency on alcohol and drug addiction because sin or perhaps moral weak point continues to impact public plans regarding liquor and drug abuse (McNeece & DiNitt
um, 2012). Rivalling Views
The model interests our practical because it is in line with liberal sights. In a tolerante society, cost-free will and individual autonomy are highly highlighted and respected ideals (Wilbanks, 1989). Lovers are conceived as free willed persons making rational choices plus the reason they engage in drug use is because they have awful morals. However , individuals with “good morals are merely likely to work with drugs just like alcohol or marijuana. If this sounds the case elements are present. In the face of reality, the moral version is insufficient to capture the phenomenon of drug craving (Wilbanks, 1989).
The Disease Unit
The disease model of addiction engraves three main assumptions predisposition to use a drug, loss of control more than use, and progression (Krivanek, 1988, g. 202). These types of physiological changes cause a definite desire to take more drugs (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). Addicts are viewed as people with an incurable disease with drug addiction as the symptom. The disease model states users cannot be held accountable for their addictive problems (Kirvanek, 1988).
As the disease model states that there is no cure pertaining to addiction, the sole treatments obtainable aims to reduce or reduce the urge to use drugs (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). First of all, addicts are encouraged to acknowledge that they have a sickness that cannot be dealt with alone and to seek out help from professionals including counselors and therapist (Schaler, 1991). As an example, Narcotics Anonymous uses 12 step software where junkies must first admit that they can be “powerless more than their habits and must appeal to a “power greater that themselves to defeat addictions. Authorities of the disease model believes that it usually takes responsibility away from the addicts and in turn characterizes these people as victims (Schaler, 1991, Wilbanks 1989).
Compare and Contrast
The moral style describes craving as entirely a matter of choice, where the disease model demonstrates it because something that is definitely beyond the control of the individual. With the disease model options are a factor only insofar as being a person in fact chooses to treat their disease, not in actually nourishing of having the addiction to start out with (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). For instance, where moral version conceptualizes habit as a matter or weakness or bad thing, the public response within this structure is naturally a single where the simply appropriate actions is a corrective or punitive one (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012).
Theory most useful to intervene upon Addiction
The two models are extremely different, with the moral style essentially discounting most of what hard savoir offers, plus the disease unit embracing it to a significant degree (Miller & Gold, 1990). Values concept in addiction provide the counselor, and client little or no to build upon in terms of justesse, because additionally, they dismiss physiological, and neurobiological factors as a cause of habit (McNeece & DiNitto, 2012). So with that been said the disease model would be most successful helping to get involved on habit. Conversely the illness model allows the counselor to illustrate an individual’s craving as something which can be discussed in terms of hard science, along with terms showing how an individual has certain commitments inside the healing process (Comer, 2004).
To summarize writing this paper was very interesting, and informational learning about the different designs they have to assist with drug or perhaps alcohol craving. Comparing and contrasting the moral version and the disease model was helpful in comprehending the differences they both made known, and competitive views. Also being able to select one model that would be helpful in intervention of addiction was pretty interesting doing exploration, and learning that the disease model would work well intended for intervention reasons. Lastly, McNeece & DiNitto (2012), says no single theory adequately describes the etiology of dependency or dependence.
McNeece, C. A., & DiNitto, Deb. M. (2012). Chemical dependency: A devices
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