Walt Whitman’s “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” is known as a poem not only reveals the differences within the people plus the geography in the nation, nevertheless also reveals the theme of equality that unites these kinds of differences. Adding his experience with the City War as well as the industrial wave of the United States, Whitman threads jointly the past as well as the future, endorsing equality not simply within some distance, but in its frame of mind and thought. By analyzing the use of seite an seite structure and repetition, Whitman plays together with the relationship between difference and equality. By focusing on the figurative language of rhetorical questioning, symbolism in addition to the rhythm of actions and motions, Whitman reveals how equality can be proven against the completing of time and the advancing region. Ultimately, by examining the structure plus the verb tenses utilized in the poem, Whitman shows how each section of the difference, whether it is people or perhaps landmarks, contributes to the mastered unity in the whole.
Focusing particularly on the first two parts of Whitman’s “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, ” one can possibly see how the poet utilizes repetition of specific terms in order to make a sense of overwhelming inequality, but as well to establish a feeling of unity and equality. By repeating “how curious you are to me” in two subsequent lines, the poet reveals the 2 different scenes and subjects, not only are there “crowds of men and women, ” but there are also ferry-boats that “cross from shoreline to shore” (lines 3-5). However , even though the poet is definitely fascinated by right after of subject matter he sees on the “flood-tide below [him], ” he claims the people plus the ferry boats both create the same effect of curiosity. Similarly, when the poet is considering his position with respect to the globe, he expresses that actually in “the simple, small, well-join’d system, ” he finds inch[himself] disintegrated, each one disintegrated but part of the scheme” (line 7). Although the repeated word “disintegrated” means separating from the complete, the word creates unity in that it comes after the subject of the poet himself as well as all others in the universe. Therefore , although he is a different entity, he can also a component to everyone else, partaking in “part of the plan. ” The repetition of specific word choices search phrase establishes a link between the poet person and everyone else in the world, thus blurring the relationship of differences and equality and intertwining the differences in to something unifying. Not only so , the seite an seite structure of form also plays together with the relationship of the difference and the equality. In lines 13-16, the poet commences each range with the phrase “others will, ” and follows this with an action verb: “enter the gates, ” “watch the work, ” “see the shipping. ” Actually after the moving of time while represented by the “fifty years hence, inches and “a hundred years hence, ‘ the repeated expression of “others will” shows that despite the varying groups of persons and the moving generations, in the end, they will all experience the same sight of seeing the ferry get across. The poet transcends as well as location by simply showing how “the others” are usa by the same vision in spite of the moving of time as well as the rise of numerous generations.
By reviewing the emblems, imageries, metaphors, and rhetorical questionings Whitman places throughout “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, ” one can notice that Whitman’s loyalty to the democratic ideal of equality generally seems to go against that specific era. Because the poem is crafted in the period of the Second Professional Revolution, you can see the scientific and economical progress of the United States through the innovations and breakthroughs of steam-powered ships and railways. One of the most transparent photos used may be the ferry, which usually symbolizes not simply the continual action of “crossing coming from shore to shore, inches but likewise the hidden motion of passing period. The vibrant imagery from the river “with the speedy current” plus the “bright flow, ” then parallels the motion from the ferry, unifying nature’s response to the Industrial Wave (lines 23-24). More importantly, Whitman shows that equal rights can be proven against the transferring of time and the advancing region by specially not distinguishing between the all-natural elements as well as the artificially created advancements. When depicting the scenery of recent York, Whitman writes in details of “the river and sunset and scallop-edg’d ocean of avalanche tide, the sea-gulls pivoting their systems, the hay-boat in the twilight, and the belated lighter, ” therefore placing the ferries and the buildings on the same level as the crashing surf and the sea-gulls (line 94). On the other hand, in Lydia Karen Child’s Albhabets from New york city, the exposing delineations of recent York City as the nation’s leading metropolitan center will not exude a similar glory and majesty as revealed by simply Whitman. Actually Child’s letters addresses the poverty over the world and children “is the misery of a city just like New-York, a kindly soul not only suffers continual soreness, but is definitely obliged to perform itself never ending wrong” (page 1093). Although Whitman claims that there is a unifying a result of nature plus the industrial progression, Child statements that there is a dividing effect in which the reduced class endures due to the clampdown, dominance of sympathies. Similarly, the thought of rhetorical asking is used simply by both Whitman and Child, but again, creates a differing result. When talking about “deeds of gentleness and mercy, ” Child requires, “Why happen to be such views so uncommon? Why do we thus repress our sympathies, and chill the genial current of mother nature, by formal observances and restraints” (1093-94)? ” The feelings of reduction, hopelessness, and despair apparently result from these kinds of rhetorical questions since the city is depicted as one that is selfish and self-centered. However , pertaining to Whitman, as the use of rhetorical questioning, just like “What is it then between us? Precisely what is the count number of the results or more than 100 years between us, ” turns into more frequent, there is a feeling of comfort that produces a calming effect intended for the readers. The poet reassures its readers that years, distance, make, will not individual him through the generations to come, throughout the repetition in the phrase “I too” mainly because equality continues to be established through shared experience. Ultimately, Whitman specifically utilizes symbols, imageries, and rhetorical questioning, to show how equal rights is established resistant to the passing of the time and the evolving nation in the Second Professional Revolution era.
Lastly, by examining the framework and the verb tenses employed in “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, inches one can see how Whitman intentionally generates a paradoxical circumstance of movement and stasis to ultimately reflect the ideal of equality transcendent throughout the poem. The creation of the poem begins while using present tight as the poet reports, “I help you face to face” (line 1), yet quickly changes to the future tense of “others will” (line 13). Similarly, we have a subtle move of action-word tenses from your present tight of “I am with you, ” to the past tense of “I too many and many a time cross’d the river of old” within 1 section (lines 21, 26). By constantly changing verb tenses during each of the 9 segments of “Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, inch the poet person blurs days gone by, the present, as well as the future, to show not the passing of your time, but rather the surpassing of your energy. As readers, we know that with the “men and ladies of a generation, or very many generations hence, inches there will be changes and improvements in the lifestyle and the way of life. In fact , nothing at all ever is still constant. Nevertheless , it is through this kind of timelessness that Whitman can present the overarching theme of equality in the differences. Furthermore, the framework of the composition is in areas: there are seven distinct parts that contact form this composition each with varying lengths. Immediately, the appearance of the composition hints at disjointedness and separation. Despite this, yet , Whitman’s fundamental theme is usually unity and equality. To achieve this, Whitman utilizes juxtapositions to be able to declare that differences can easily coexist. For instance , the poet reveals the people who “stand and lean on the rail” also “hurry with the fast current” (line 24). In the same manner, the poet juxtaposes the theme of others and activity as the seagulls which may have “motionless wings, ” have the ability to “oscillat[e] their particular bodies” (line 27). Total, the most noticeable juxtaposition can be represented by image of the river, although the river is consistently flowing, “stately and quick, ” it will always appear the same (line 50). Each one of the differences is very important because it contributes to the overall unity of the whole.
“Crossing Brooklyn Ferry” is a poem that brings to its physical appearance differences that could never coexist. However , it truly is through the use of repetition, parallel framework, and radical languages of metaphors and imageries, that enable Whitman to thread together generations of men and women within an era of rapid growth and change. On the whole, the mood the poem makes is one among optimism, desire, and delight. As the Second Industrial Wave is currently taking effect on the town, the poem offers a bright optimism in which the substance crossing more than of the ferry manifests the easy transition through the old to the new. By simply establishing the coexistence of opposing forces in his amazing world, Whitman gladly anticipates and good remarks change, reaffirming his best of equal rights and unity.