The famous philosopher Aristotle officially defined the parameters with the tragic main character in his work On Poetics (335 B. C. ). Aristotle based his tragic hero model on Oedipus, a king coming from Greek mythology. He identified the tragic hero being a man of noble beginning who has a fatal catch, or hamartia, which leads to his problem and identifies his tragic nature. The smoothness is considered a hero as soon as they rise using their fall and experience a flash of enlightenment and redemption known as a great anagnorisis. In Arthur Miller’s tragic enjoy, The Crucible, the protagonist, John Proctor, is considered the tragic hero. Proctor is a very luxurious man in Puritan Salem, yet is still highly respectable among the people. His infatuation with keeping his reliable name is one of the manifestations of his fatal flaw, his hubris. John Proctor’s hubris is responsible for both equally his tragic downfall wonderful redemption, which in turn detracts from Miller’s characterization of him as the tragic hero as they fails to encounter an anagnorisis.
Proctor’s affair exemplifies his egotistical tendency that will put himself above the rules this individual expects other folks to follow, which prompts him to make the decisions that lead to his fall. The catalyst of his problem, Proctor says to be remorseful about his affair together with his former house servant Abigail Williams. Nevertheless , his attitude still indicates that he feels superior to the law. When Elizabeth concerns John regarding speaking to Abigail in a room alone, Ruben says, “I should have roared you down when you first informed me your mistrust. But I actually wilted, and, like a Christian, I opened up. Confessed! ” (Miller 55). To Proctor, confession can be described as sign of weakness and inferiority, which can be one basis for his refusal to comply with the religious beliefs, as well as to the rituals of consensus afterwards in the enjoy. He is struggling to confess and accept the effects of his affair. He sees himself as over a vows of the marriage, possibly after the affair, he considers it is ok to speak for yourself with Abigail when he is aware it stresses the currently broken trust between him and his wife. He keeps Elizabeth in charge of faithfulness that he him self cannot deliver, which is proved when he forgets adultery inside the Ten Commandments and explains to Hale, “Between the two of us we do know them all” (Miller 67). Proctor’s crisis is amplified when Elizabeth is targeted by Abigail in court. Proctor is aware of based on his private discussion with Abigail that the witchcraft accusations happen to be fraud, and that testifying against her can save his wife and also other townspeople from public hangings. However , this individual also knows that will involve open public confession in the affair, which in turn would deeply tarnish his reputation. He thinks himself above the regulation when he refuses to tell the court what he understands, and considers that his reputation is definitely superior to the lives which can be lost daily on the gibbet. Only when people highly regarded inside the town just like Rebecca Doctor are falsely accused does Proctor speak up, because Proctor considers them equal to himself. However , the moment Elizabeth is called in to confirm that she dismissed Abigail for her affair with John, Elizabeth, a faultlessly honest personality, lies mainly because she is aware of how much Proctor values his reputable term in Salem. John feels he is outstanding, and thus capable to confess whenever it is convenient for him and reap some benefits. But at this point in the tyranny of general opinion, it is past too far for him to turn it around by simply his testifimony. He is chucked into the Salem jail to confess or hang over time, which suggests the beginning of his downfall. Proctor’s decisions will be driven by simply his hypocritical and remarkable attitude, that leads him to the selfish decisions that catalyze his land.
If he tears the confession, Proctor experiences redemption, however , it is a faulty redemption because he functions with an attitude of superiority to protect his reputation, which will led to his initial downfall. After his conversation with Elizabeth in the jail, Proctor decides he will probably confess in order to save his lifestyle. After this individual snatches his signed confession away from Danforth in a frenzied moment, Proctor says, “You will not make use of me! I am no Sarah Great or Tituba, I are John Proctor! You will not employ me! inches (Miller 143). Proctor offers lived in the midst with the tyrannical general opinion long enough to be aware of that a fixed confession is definitely part of the method. He allows this intended for the lower-class, but in his proud brain he is superior to them and therefore does not stick to the same rules. Although Proctor claims that he takes back the confession setting a better case in point for his children, since confessing can be selling the Nurses and other to loss of life, his later line denounces that just as one intention. Proctors begs Danforth, “Tell them I revealed myself, declare Proctor pennyless his knees and wept like a woman, say what you will, but my personal name cannot-” (Miller 143). Proctor does not have any moral problem with confessing and the negative impact that the extension of the tyranny of general opinion will have for the people in the town, as he begs Danforth to tell anyone that he confessed. He is certainly not opposed to conformation with the crooked rituals of consensus, he can only opposed to the physical confession, agreed upon with his weighty name, hanging on the the doorway of the most essential building in Salem. This supposed redemption is seated in his thoughts of brilliance to others who may have hung, and his desire to repair his popularity in the town, which is ironically what set him in need for a redemption to start with.
The irony of Proctor’s hubris resulting in both his downfall great redemption counters Miller’s portrayal of him as the tragic main character because he does not experience the anagnorisis which deems a character heroic even following his tragic deterioration. Following Proctor holes up the confession to mollify, pacify, placate his take great pride in, he tells Danforth, Parris, and Good, “You have made your magic now, for the time being I do think I realize some shred of many advantages in Steve Proctor” (Miller 144). When he claims that his morality has moved from wicked to very good, Proctor deceives himself. Inspite of the environment of constant transform, Proctor remains morally stagnant in that he is never able to overcome his pride and supremacy. To be able to experience the tragic epiphany, Proctor would have to take personal responsibility for his fatal drawback and approaching downfall, which is against his prideful characteristics. Instead, he tricks him self into considering he is doing quite well by disguising the egotistical tearing with the confession being a personal payoff his self-serving nature, and aligning himself with the righteous people intended for the wrong factors. While this kind of quote may well appear to be an epiphany within the surface, upon analysis that proves phony, as it is not rooted in an shift of values, Proctor chooses to confess because he are unable to bear to let his name become tarnished in Salem whereas a true redemption would appear more like Rebecca Nurse’s eleemosynary resistance. Burns states in his essay Tragedy and the Prevalent Man (1949) that the tragic right is definitely “a symptom in which the human being personality can flower and realize itself” (Miller 3). Yet, that Miller’s play, Proctor is redeemed by same implies that he chop down, which shows ignorance rather than self-realization. Although this was not automatically Miller’s intent, Proctor’s deceitful redemption removes the possibility of him being a tragic hero. Anagnorisis is the most essential aspect of Aristotle’s criteria since it transforms the character from staying just tragic to staying heroic. Proctor’s supposed epiphany and consequent redemption are not an enlightening anagnorisis, but instead a manipulative symptoms of his hubris, making him an invalid tragic hero.
Proctor is usually not a the case tragic hero in Miller’s play because he never recognizes his egotistical concerns and self-superiority since fatal defects that lead to his fate inside the Witch Trial offers. Proctor is usually doomed by same signifies that he is redeemed. His superiority is a merchandise of his hubris, that causes him to have his affair with Abigail, initially do not testify, then rip up his admission after putting your signature on it. He is so rooted in the upkeep of call him by his name in Salem that after his downfall, he cannot experience true anagnorisis, but deceives himself by simply disguising his self-serving amount of resistance as a shift in awareness and values. While no character can easily comply flawlessly to philosophical parameters, the anagnorisis is too important for the tragic hero to stand without that. It is the big difference between a personality who is brave, and a personality who is merely flawed and meets a tough end. World likes to learned about a tragic hero, because although the trajectory by which the tragic main character can fall season scares all of us, there is encouragement to be attracted when a personality so deeply flawed can find redemption. Even today, the American people look to tragic hero statistics in the media, because by simply experiencing another person’s hamartia and consequent drop, we do not become doomed in the same way.