Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland creates and produces excess thyroid hormones in to circulation. On the other hand, hypothyroidism identifies a condition in which the thyroid sweat gland produces and releases limited amounts of thyroid hormones. As thyroid hormones are important in the regulation of metabolic rate, too much body hormone or inadequate thyroid bodily hormones affects body system tissues. The bodily functions impacted by malfunction of thyroid glandular are those that are regulated by thyroid hormones and so they include body temperature, body fat metabolism, heart rate, fresh air use, and menstrual cycles among others (Rosenthal, 2000).
Since both of these conditions would be the opposite of every other, there are numerous differences in the clinical and diagnostic conclusions that are observed in people with these types of conditions. However , some commonalities are also seen in these circumstances. The scientific presentations of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism differ in several elements and they are due to disturbance with the metabolic processes. To start with, in hyperthyroidism the heart beat rate is definitely increased whereas in hypothyroidism it is slowed down and this is usually to cater for body’s altered o2 needs (Karla, 2006).
Yet another thing is that in hyperthyroidism the patients are intolerant to heat however in hypothyroidism the patients are intolerant to cold (Karla, 2006). As a result of changes in excess fat metabolism, in hyperthyroidism there may be weight loss because of increased body fat metabolism when in hyperthyroidism there is putting on weight due to decreased fat metabolism (Karla, 2006). Changes in the approach the body uses food to make energy brings about frequent intestinal movements in hyperthyroidism however in hypothyroidism there is certainly constipation (Karla, 2006).
One more difference is that in hyperthyroidism the skin can be moist however in hypothyroidism skin is dry. Finally, in women with hyperthyroidism, the menstrual durations are scanty while in those with hypothyroidism the menstrual periods happen to be heavy (Poppe & Velkeniers, 2004). Commonalities that are noticed in both situations are growth of thyroid gland (though in hypothyroidism the size can be normal or reduced) and hair loss (Rosenthal, 2000). Another similarity is infertility in both circumstances (Poppe & Velkeniers, 2004). The diagnostic findings of such two circumstances are different.
If a doctor suspects thyroid failure, they do commonly recommend blood vessels tests and these are completed assess the degree of thyroid bodily hormones in blood vessels as well as measure the levels of thyroid gland stimulating junk (TSH). In patients with Hyperthyroidism, blood levels of TSH are very low and at moments are undetected (Dayan, 2001). On the other hand, in hypothyroidism the blood TSH amounts are in excess. Another diagnostic finding is usually raised blood levels of the thyroid hormones known as T4 and T3 in hyperthyroidism although in hypothyroidism its blood vessels level is definitely low (Dayan, 2001).
One more diagnostic evaluation that is completed involves oral administration of radioactive iodine after which radioactivity in thyroid gland gland can be measured. In hyperthyroidism the experience is high while in hypothyroidism the game is lowered (Burger, 2004). Another check that comes with radioactive subscriber base test is a thyroid scan and the studies in hyperthyroidism is improved concentration of the radioactive iodine in the thyroid gland gland although in hypothyroidism there is lowered concentration in the radioactive iodine (Burger, 2004).
Non certain diagnostic results include improved blood glucose levels in hyperthyroidism which are reduced in hypothyroidism, and low blood bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels in hyperthyroidism that are raised in hypothyroidism (Rosenthal, 2000). It truly is clear that hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism shows a lot of differences in terms of specialized medical presentations and diagnostic conclusions. Since the biggest presentation of thyroid gland dysfunction can be goiter which can be enlargement of thyroid glandular, further tests should be done to look for the exact source of the problem.