In Gallery 25 the Venetian and Bolognese drawings have been replaced by otherdrawings from the Museum collection. The present display is chosen from thechools of Parma, Milan, and Genoa, and one wall structure is given to the school ofRaphael. Among these is the back side of a naked man simply by Raphael himself, made durng his be in Florence, one of the drawings given by Cephas G. Thompson in 1887. Inside the Genoese group the series of twelve amazing drawings simply by Luca Cambiaso is worthy of comment, as are many others of the exhibit, nevertheless the chief interest will befound in the two sheets of drawings simply by Leonardo de uma Vinci which were purchased in917 and are right now shown initially. In all probability these have alwaysbeen attributed to this master, but they were unfamiliar to any with the prominent thorities and consequently will not occur in some of the lists. Since 18o01 theirhistory is traceable. On the folder in which we were holding kept to the time ofheir mounting to get exhibition is an inscrip- tion in French proclaiming that they weregiven to T. Allen Jones by M. G. Legrand, May, 18o0. The drawings were ownedlater by simply Thomas Sully, the artist, who presumably acquired them during among his sessions to The european countries, either in 1809-1o or even more probably in i837-38, when he painted the portrait of Queen Éxito. At Sullys death the drawings, to propertof the painter, passed to his grandson, Francis T. S i9000. Darley, 1 who in the turn bequeathed the Leonardos to Thomas Nash, coming from whom the Museum obtained them.
One of many sheets shows a dog pen and bistre drawing in a circle about 24 inches wide in size in which a sleeping man can be seated within tree although a snake and a lizard battle on the mountain where he leans his mind. It is an representation for a bestiary, expound ing points of normal history or moral precepts, on which Leonardo was involved the subject of many manuscript webpages preserved in the library in the Institute of France. The reason of the theme of our drawing is given in the inscription above it in Leonardos delightful and distinct right to kept handwriting, which usually, literally translated, reads hence: The greenlizard devoted to the gentleman, seeing him sleeping, battles with the snake. He views that they can not overcome, runs in the face of the guy and wakes him, in order that the snake will not harm the sleeping person.
A associate work to ours, inside the Bonnat Collection at Bayonne, is produced in Berensons Florentine Images, vol. 2, page eighty six. It is also a drawing within a circle of around the same size and is in a similar design.
On the invert of this bed sheet are some scratchy pen sketches for the setting of a masque or play, likewise notes and memoranda. There is an indication of a barrel-vaulted space with markets on the side wall space, one marked with the term annunZiatori, announcers, and at the finish a sitting figure in a mandorla that flames radiate.
The signification of another sketch towards the right is usually not evident. Above a few figures and writing. The writing provides list of personas in a play founded on the storyline of Danae, and the actors who were to take the parts. The whole inscription as far as it is often deciphered can be as follows: Acrisio (Acrisius the father of Danae), Giovanni Cristofano, (the following name undeciphered, then) Danae, Francesco Pontificio, Mercury, Gianbattista -, Jove, Giovanni Francesco, Servant, Announcers of the Festivity: those miracle at the new star and kneel down and these kinds of adore and kneel straight down and with music they will finish the festival.
The other linen, 72 in . by 6- inches, is more important. Into it are drawings in coop and bis of the Vergine adoring the kid, conceived basically in the spirit of the classic Florentinetreatment of the subject handed down from Af m?rket Filippo Lippi. But in the sketcheshe older theme is humanized and at the same time glorified. In the writersopinion, they will mark the stage when the recognized object rendering of the subject matter was being transformed in Leonardos mind in the epoch-making composition of the Virgin mobile of the Rubble.
The sketches are still not even close to the serious sentiment and full expression of thepainting. The group in the middle approaches their general factor more nearlyhan the others, in it the theme is still the usual one-the invention from the Madonnas position, the one hands on Heureux Johns make and the additional in the grand sture of consecration above the Christ Kid, has not yet occurred to him, thoughthe germ idea appears in the two outstretched arms. The divinity and revernce in the children are nevertheless half suggested in the attracting. In the set up ofthe Madonnas mantle pulled out over the right arm the drawing is like the picre, the definite signs of the folds up suggest that the artist acquired arranged thedrapery on a maquette or mannikin. The lower design, where the same pose andolds are displayed from an additional viewpoint, carries out this thought. This reduce drawing, within a space with an arched top, shows only the small Christ Child lying in the grass, d there is a background-a nook of a messed up room with a view of mountain range seenthrough a great arch. The other two drawings present different postures of the kneeling Virgin, and each the particular Christ Child is displayed with her, one has an indicator of a pent-roofedshed in silver precious metal point to get background. You can also get two research of infants in silver point softly reinforced simply by pen and bistre.
Leonardo signed the contract in 1483 to paint the center picture in the altarpiecein the Church of San Francesco in Milan for the Confraternita della Concezionehis work was the Virgin of the Rocks. It was during his first visit to Milan, and it is at about this time or perhaps somewhat ahead of that I should venture to set the drawing, frankly, not far from thetime of the many drawings pertaining to the Devoutness and the Madonna with the Kitten. The additional sheet, the Allegory, will date too from the initial visit to Miami, I believe, only if from the masque memoranda around the reverse, since it is known very much of Leonardos time in the service of Lodovico was spent in arranging these kinds of affairs.