Clarify the term “Technofact. ” How can it be used to determine Technology, and Management of Technology? Describe the value and advantage of the word Technofact, when compared to other explanations and prevalent agreement about technology.
Make clear the disadvantages, missing components, and contradictions in this term. Technofact can be described as reproducible object created simply by humans. By simply reproducible I actually refer to any kind of product (tangible or virtual) of which the intention of its human creator was to make associated with exactly the same, making use of the same method. Once we’ve defined technofact, we are able to target the term technology around this organization, and to define it while the capability of developing technofacts (or the human capacity of creating reproducible objects).
Technology is not the technological object on its own but rather the ability of creating it over on over again. Other areas of science concentrate on understanding and gathering knowledge throughout the entity that is in the center of technology in question even though the technology “science” is a functionality, which is more than merely an understanding. On top of the information gathered, the definition of encapsulates the creation by itself, the ingenuity. The different areas of the way to establish that capability needs to be coordinated and managed, hence, management of technology can easily be identified if we distinct the term technology from the items, the technofacts, as one should not manage objects.
Most of the traditional definitions from the term technology are either inaccurate or too broad. Inaccurate when the definition make reference to objects (tools, products) while the technology itself. Also broad if the definition consider any human activity (van Wyk), which might consist of forms of artwork that can not really be considered being a technology.
One more broad approach can be found in definitions that consider any character manipulation being a technology (is navigation by stars a technology? ). There are 3 cases through which I get difficulty with the term technofact as the central enterprise that technology deals with: 1 ) When the merchandise has an handed down random element: Consider a computer system program that creates randomly melodies (or drawings) pleasurable to the human ear (or eye), based upon some mathematical rules. The program itself is obviously a online technofact, tend to be the new songs or sketches created because of it can also be deemed technofacts? Certainly, they are getting created repeatedly using the same technology, but each time the program produces different things.
2 . If the product is an all-natural object or perhaps resource: One example is in cultivation. Carrots may not be considered technofacts, but there may be obviously a technology to grow carrots. The tools that are used in the process (a plow or possibly a combine) happen to be technofacts, which usually farmers use for produce the crop on its own, but they are not the reproducible product the technology relates to. Another good examples can be mining technologies.
The finish product is the extracted material, which can not really be considered a technofact. 3. When the product is a task: For example , the ability to lift heavy weights. A crane is known as a technofact, nonetheless it is certainly not the reproducible object this specific technology permit to reproduce.
The reproducible object in this instance is not an object but rather an action. What exactly is “Technology-Based Organization”? Give an example for a TBO and non-TBO. Can an organization be a TBO for a limited time? Describe and give an illustration.
A technology based corporation is a business that uses technology to create economic worth or to produce a competitive organization advantage above other competitive organizations. The organization can be constantly pursuing technical improvements, making technofacts or both. This sort of an organization will probably be perpetually regarded as a TBO. On the other hand a non-TBO business can become one particular for a limited time, if this incorporates a brand new technology to further improve its operations, thus creating an advantage more than its opponents.
During the process of assimilating the technology and the time that takes other players to work with the same technology, a non-TBO organization can be viewed a TBO, as it creates economic benefit using technology. Consider an imaginary traditional dairy that used to develop milk in the old milking fashion, making use of the farmer’s hands and a huge nice bucket. At some point the farmer made a decision to acquire a milking machine via his professional friend that had lately established a milking equipment factory employing his individual inventions.
The farmer set up the machine in his farm and taught his kid using it, thus he can quietly retire. During the next year or two, the farmer’s kid attained an advantage above his neighbors farmers, bought more cows, made thousands and proven a new dairy products company (which he called after his dad). Few years later, in fact the different farmers acquired done a similar, the farmer’s kid chosen to install digital thermometers inside the dairy (acquired from the similar milking tools factory), to become the leading milk provider towards the entire place, with the reputation of having the finest milk around. Again, reaching an economic benefits using new technology.
This dairy had become a TBO intended for short periods of time during it is existence, as the milking tools factory that had made and produced the machinery was a TBO throughout the years. Explain the definition of “White Spaces” in the circumstance of technology. How could this term provide in an organization to help preparing and decision making about development? White places are the two optional gaps between technologies and applications.
The initial gap is out there when we have a need in the market but not any solution to meet it. The second gap takes place when there is a technology to choose from that has the ability to produce a technofact that no one knows practical tips for. A technofact that would not yet get the “ultimate product” it enables (where there’s a system but you cannot find any “will”). Ground breaking organization can fill up the first difference by going after new technologies to match the unanswered marketplace needs, or they can emphasis their attempts around comprehending the potential of existing systems and to make use of them to develop new groundbreaking applications. Outlines the hazards and hazards associated with speedy technological advancement to contemporary society and persons.
Are you pessimistic or optimistic about it? What can and should we carry out as a society and as visitors to benefit from technology and avoid the potential risks. The dangers and risks that rapid appearing technologies combine can come in many ways, shapes and forms based on the technology website.
From the reduce of personal privacy through overall health jeopardizing, meaning issues and mass destruction weapons, they each have one part of common – the rate from the technology re-homing and creation has become faster than the level of the capability to comprehensively understanding its significance. Successful technologies are spreading swiftly, attaining life of their own and “forcing” people to rely on them in order to endure in the modern society. Even if a particular individual chooses to digital rebel and not to utilize a specific technology directly, it still might change the environment this person lives in, to impact and risk im just the same (e. g. cellular phones).
The shed of freedom inflicted by simply some solutions is a big price of its own that society and individuals need to pay. History tells us that anxiety from fresh technologies had always been with us, and we are probably experiencing the same unjustified anxiety about the unidentified that the car inflicted on society a hundred years ago. However the problem with history is that it can only describe the past, while the present is definitely unlike whatever humanity imagined before. I actually don’t assume that governmental regulations aiming to inhibit technology can perform in the long run, in order to control at least some of the dangers, governments ought to cooperate globally on some issues to regulate technologies just like the way new medicines and medicines are cared for.
As individuals, we must consider responsibility intended for our health and moral beliefs, to deal with this at all times among ourselves, to be aware of the risks we could taking and not to become impaired addicts pertaining to anything fresh. Still, I’m pessimistic as for the capability of mankind to accomplish this and get over its fundamental selfish nature.