2 . How come was separation inevitable? Monetary reasons Delays in creating common market Imposition of new taxes on Singapore Tries to increase Spore’s contribution towards the central govt Political causes Political competition Racial national politics Effects of the Malaysian Malaysia campaign 3. Details of arguments ” Monetary reasons Kuala Lumpur observed Singapore because an economic compete with ” implementation of prevalent market was delayed therefore. Central federal government wanted to safeguard Malaysian sectors, it imposed new taxation on Singapore. This hindered Singapore’s initiatives to industrialise.
KL proposed Singapore increased their contribution coming from 40% to 60%. Singapore feared this would cripple their economy. some. Political reasons ” influence of the polls on the r/s betw PAP and the Connections 1963 Condition Election in Spore PAP won 37 out of 51 seating contested. The Singapore Alliance (made up of UMNO, MCA and MIC) did not win any chair. Alliance market leaders in KL were upset with the result. 1964 Government Election in Malaysia PAP took part, aim to make a Malaysia not really based on ethnic lines, similar opportunities for all.
Cha?non leaders took offence, believed it challenged rights of the Malays
Ethnic Politics ” Effects of the anti”PAP marketing campaign UMNO embarked on an anti-PAP campaign using the Malay press, esp Utusan Melayu. Criticised PAP for not looking after passions of the Malays in Singapore. Exploited resettlement of Malay families inside the Crawford, Kampong Glam and Rochor areas. Meetings were held betw PAP and Malay reps concerning education, employment and housing for Malays. Tension grew as matters did not increase. Led to the racial riots in 1964.
6. PAP’s Malaysian Malaysia campaign PAP campaigned to get a Malaysian Malaysia, where all of us have equal legal rights and opportunities. October 1964 The Singapore Alliance explained that they could reorganise themselves to get enough votes in the 1967 Singapore condition election to create a new federal government. 7. Situations and ramifications May 65 PAP brought together four other Malaysian opposition get-togethers to form Malaysian Solidarity Tradition (MSC).
Shoot for a Malaysian Malaysia wherever everyone will be treated similarly regardless of competition or religious beliefs. PAP significantly angered UMNO leaders, some even called for the arrest of Lee Kuan Yew. almost eight. Threats to Singapore’s serenity Internal threat ” 1964 Racial riots 21 This summer 1964 A lot more than 25, 1000 Malays obtained at Padang to celebrate Prophet Mohammed’sbirthday. Speeches and toasts were made by Malay commanders, some rebuked PAP to get ill-treatment of the Malays.
A policeman was assaulted in a procession in Geylang. Others started attacking Chinese. Clashes between Oriental and Malays broke out in different parts of Singapore. 9. Extension of ethnic riots Curfew was enforced and only raised on a couple of nd Aug 1964. twenty-three people were killled and 454 people harmed in the riots. Sept 1964 ” One more race riot occurred 13 people were killed and 106 were injured.
10. External Threat ” The Indonesian Confrontation Indonesian trade embargo ” Singapore’s trade decreased and some everyone was unemployed. On the other hand Singapore had not been severly influenced as trade with other countries continued. Violence and interruption of tranquility Indonesian brokers set off bombs ” blameless people were murdered and houses damaged. Simply by March 65, 29 bombs had been head out in Singapore. A non-reflex Vigilant Corps was set up to help protect Singapore. Conflict ended in August 1966 when new Indonesian government overtook.
11. Splitting up 7 August 1965 Tunku Abdul Rahman announced that Malaysia will “expel Singapore. being unfaithful Aug 65 Lee Kuan Yew announced attainment of full independence. Singapore became a Republic Head of State ” the Director Legislative Set up was renamed Parliament, members known as People of Legislative house. 12. Problems ahead Economic ” Simply no natural methods and companies were not well-developed. Defence ” Singapore were required to build up its very own defence power to take more than from the Malaysian and British military makes. Housing ” Steps had to be taken to fulfill the housing requires of its growing population.