Psychodynamic ideas of personality have affected greatly within the Developmental Mindset of today. They originated with the work of Sigmund Freud in the later part of the nineteenth and start of the 18th hundred years. Freud, Jung, Erickson and Fromm almost all focussed around the unconscious mind and the associated with early the child years experiences around the development of persona.
Freuds psychosexual model is dependent on 5 periods with the 1st five years of life becoming most crucial to development of character. Erikson suggested an eight stage psychological plan, which will placed importance on the whole life-span, arguing that development would not cease in a certain era. According to Hayes (2000) both Freud and Jung argued that personality was set by childhood activities and was due partly to maturation and partly to the impact on of close family.
Fromm on the other hand recognised both factors as well as acknowledging society as a third element in the formation of personality. A much more current perspective based on both the psychoanalytical and biological approaches is that of Bowlby (1969) who also studied attachment in children. His Efficient perspective focuses on emotional development and has received an impact just how children are cared for whilst from their central carer one example is whilst in childcare or perhaps hospital. Genetic and Biological explanations suggest that each individual is born with genetically determined characteristic patterns of personality.
Research of twins show that identical mixed twins brought up apart share a lot more in common than fraternal twin babies. The Minnesota twin analyze, (Bouchard, 1984 as cited by Bee 2000 p266) not only demonstrated this point, but also revealed striking commonalities in aspects such as style in clothes, hobbies and interests, posture, body language and so forth in identical twins who never fulfilled each other. The biological method of personality can be strongly supported by a large amount of empirical research and therefore is hard to dispute.
While Bee (2000) explains there is simply no refuting the truth that pre-installed genetic and physiological habits underlie whatever we think of while both character and character. (Bee 2000 p269) Some research shows that just as much as 60% of our personality can be genetically decided. A further power in the neurological explanation is that it is interactionist, thereby acknowledging the part of the environment in addition to the neurological factors. The biological way has one main weakness in that will not account for transform as temperament is certainly not permanent.