Kenya is one of the countries which have been hard struck by the SUPPORTS epidemic, with the country reporting over 75, 000 new HIV attacks every year. In 2005, the region was rated 4th on the globe by HIV population and 17th by HIV/AIDS prevalence rate (WHO 2005).
Statistics unveiled by the Ministry of Health indicate a bipolar trend regarding HIV incidences, with Homa Gulf, being placed the highest inside the number of reported HIV/AIDS infections cases, having close to twenty seven out of 100 people living with the AIDS disease. On the other hand, Wajir County has just one person out of every 500 managing the disease. Indeed, the is the reddish colored! As a result of this kind of the government offers put in place different measures to assist deal with this kind of killer creature. However , generally there still is available flaws and challenges as far as combating HIV and ASSISTS is concerned. The World Health Corporation (WHO) identifies HIV while the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and AIDS because Acquired Defense Deficiency problem. HIV/AIDS is a spectrum of conditions due to infection together with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
The financial concern is one of the most highly placed bottle necks to fighting HIV and AIDS in Kenya. As a result of the region lacking satisfactory capital, it is often unable to buy drugs just like antiretroviral in reducing the effect from the virus in the body. This has resulted into the country relying greatly on medication donations from organizations such as the world health organization among others. In addition , the region is unable to accomplish awareness in HIV and AIDS.
Food is actually a basic man need plus the intake of a nutritious diet is crucial inside the management of HIV and AIDS. However , the country lacks sufficient money to supply the dietary requirements of HIV and AIDS patients. Due to this the Kenyan federal government has resorted into credit.
One more challenge facing the prevention of HIV/AIDS in Kenya is file corruption error, discrimination in distributing condoms and failing of the neighborhoods to use them effectively. The government has positively promoted the usage of condoms. Yet , many people still get condoms difficult to acquire. In addition , even where condoms are widely available, this does not assure their use. The 2014 Kenya Market and Overall health survey says only 40% of women and 43% of men with multiple partners in the a year, reported using a condom the final time that they had sex (Coovadia, 2005).
In addition , HIV Stigma and discrimination, is usually comparatively full of Kenya hence it also forms a bottle neck in terms of HIV/AIDS prevention. Many people living with HIV and AIDS face high levels of stigmatization and elegance, a situation which will deters a large number of people living with HIV particularly the vulnerable groups, from in search of vital services (Hogan et al., 2005).
Sex workers and people who inject with drugs cause a challenge for the Kenyan govt in its attempts to overcome the prevalence of the HELPS virus. Within a study carried out in 2011 among people who utilize drugs in Kenya, around 18. 3% of new infections were amongst those who have drugs by means of injection. Condom use and safe injecting procedures are unusual among this kind of group and are thus the cause of the excessive rates of transmission of HIV and AIDS.
Limited Resources for HIV Prevention in the country is another challenge when it comes to HIV and AIDS elimination. Today, the requirement to do even more with existing resources is greater than ever before. To achieve higher level of00 of influence with every government prevention shilling, the country can be pursuing a High-Impact Prevention approach that actually works to match cost-e? ective, international interventions to heavily a? ected foule and geographic settings to maximize reductions in HIV prevalence (Merson, OMalley, Serwadda, Apisuk, 2008).
Many Kenyans have become satisfied about HIV and HELPS. Too many Kenyans no longer see the AIDS virus as a serious concern. A recently available survey by the Kaiser Relatives Foundation identified that the percentage of people who list HIV being a major medical condition is greatly lower than it absolutely was a decade ago. More troubling are studies demonstrating that amongst some of the foule with the greatest rates of infection, various people will not recognize their very own risk, or perhaps they believe HIV is no longer a significant health risk. Each new generation needs to be reminded of the still-serious characteristics of HIV and the importance of prevention. Much more than decades ago after the initially HIV/AIDS episode was reported in the country the sense of national crisis may have waned (Lagakos Gable, 2008).
Data on fresh HIV/AIDS infections is not extensively available as the information on prevalence. Therefore , even though efforts have been completely made to contain incidence, it will be necessary for the countries HIV/AIDS data collection systems to add incidence seeing that prevalence by itself does not make clear the outbreak.
In addition , there are limited articles specifically on HIV/AIDS prevention tactics, this creates a great concern in dealing with the outbreak as information about prevention tactics is not readily available a predicament which leads to heavy reliability on information from websites of different agencies. In addition , this info may not be readily up to date.
Policy proposal to combat HIV/AIDS
A number of the strategies that can be used to battle the AIDS epidemic include
1 ) Increasing supply and access to HIV/AIDScounsellingand testing
The Kenyans with become satisfied about HIV and HELPS should be counselled and informed that the disease has no get rid of. In addition , counselling and assessment is a important behavior alter strategy. The individuals who test HIV bad (Mwaura 2009). In addition , the us government can bring in behavior alter programs and delay sexual behavior in young people.
installment payments on your Setting up treatment sites
The government will need to encourage the set-up of rehabilitation centers to help vindicate the people whom inject with drugs as well as the sex personnel.
3. Setting up prevention programs in the country
The country should certainly set up more bodies responsible for coordinating the response to the HIV/AIDS crisis, with goals of lowering HIV attacks and stigma such as The Countrywide AIDS control Council (NACC) and The Kenya AIDS Ideal Framework.
four. Condom Circulation and Employ
Many rural areas in kenya are inaccessible due to poor road systems a situation making condom distribution difficult and challenging (Cherutich NASCOP). The government should therefore increase initiatives in infrastructural development.
five. Funding the HIV response
The nation should organize more cash in addition to the Advanced Steering Panel for eco friendly financing that has proposed the establishment of your HIV and Non Contagieux Disease Trust Fund to pool further and private local resources and therefore avoid borrowing from the Community Bank. The Kenyan authorities needs to come up with more sustainable methods of financing to support and range up existing prevention work.
6. Adopting methods to decrease stigma and discrimination
The Kenyan government should adopt methods geared towards lowering stigma and discrimination among the general human population towards persons living with HIV/AIDS such as demonstration strategies, education strategies and contact strategies.
7. Presenting AIDS education in educational institutions, universities and colleges
The government should introduce AIDS education in schools, universities and colleges in order to boost AIDS understanding among the youngsters. The country should certainly put in place really education procedures such as the Education Sector Plan on HIV and HELPS 2013 which usually aims to develop programmes to boost HIV avoidance, care and support to get school students as well as the education personnel(teachers).
8. Harm Decrease
The Kenyan federal government should disperse more fine needles and syringes to people who inject drugs to reduce raise the risk they reveal themselves to when writing needles.
on the lookout for. Developing strategies to curb social and legal barriers
In order to get even more people in kenya to try for HIV, the Kenyan government ought to develop strategies to curb several cultural barriers which prevent people coming from undertaking HIV/AIDS tests.
twelve. Introducing Expert based courses
The government should motivate peer structured programs since such concours have generally been found to be effective in reducing unsafe behaviors. (Kirby 2001).
Not one strategy will be a solution to the HIV/AIDS problem in the country. As a result, a combination of methods and tactics tuned into the specific requires of the nation would produce great benefits. Thus a comprehensive approach employing all strategies in combination since appropriate, focusing on all the populations as deemed necessary and directed to almost all sectors is actually would work ideal. An HIV prevention procedure based solely on one component does not work and can hinder the AIDS response.