Although online communities open several opportunities for the users to socialize efficiently, communicate more quickly and relatively cheap, and gatherinformation, the medium of communication promotes psychological incapacities, specifically narcissism.
Introduction With 93. 3% of the region signed up in Facebook in 2011, Philippines was named since the “Social Networking Capital of the World (Russel, 2011).
Filipinos, because citizens in the country, are proud of this achievement, although everything has consequences. Although Social Networking Sites (SNS), like Fb, open diverse opportunities intended for the users to socialize effectively, gather data, and communicate faster and in relatively affordable venues, the medium of communication helps bring about psychological incapacities, specifically narcissism. A narcissist view himself/herself in a confident but impractical self-concept. Additionally, it results in not enough interest in creating relationships, and a commitment in managing one’s do it yourself to ensure an optimistic view (Campbell & Engender, 2007).
Narcissists tend to live with this style of life which is a reaction to wanting to always be safe simply by living by themselves, and also to develop large self-esteem.
Every SNS has its unique features that attract users. These features contribute to the raising number of adolescents and young adult narcissists in the Korea. Some SNSs have technological and practical features that allow the customer to show his list of “friends. Most SNSs require users to have a account picture. Different SNSs have got a feature that focuses on “about me in the user, several let the users tag images, post images and create status blogposts and improvements.
SNS while web-based service allow individuals to (1) develop a general public or semi-public profile in a bounded program, (2) state a list of others with to whom they talk about a connection, and (3) look at and navigate their set of connections and the ones made by other folks within the system. The nature and nomenclature of the connections can vary from web page to internet site (Boyd & Ellison, 2007). In 1997 the initial SNS, SixDegrees. com, was developed and brought to the public. SixDegrees.
History of Fb Mark Zuckerberg created Facebook in 2005 as a local social networking internet site for Harvard students; it was first known as as “My Facebook (The Social Network, 2010). Before signing in into the website, students require a harvard. edu current email address. This necessity was a key to keep Fb a private community. In 2006, when Mark Zuckerberg and the lads started broadening “My Facebook to local universities, high school, corporations, and in the end to everyone, they changed its name to “Facebook and removed the original requirement in signing up yet changed this to a valid email.
Facebook or myspace adapted SixDegrees. com’s one of a kind feature of messaging, and like SixDegrees. com, the feature (messaging) and other new features (e. g. profile picture, microblogging, picture sharing, wall membrane post, applications and etc. ) attracted millions of users. Based on a model developed by Ashwini Nadkarni and Stefan G. Hofmann in their research titled “Why do people make use of Facebook? , Nadkarni and Hofmann discovered that people employ Facebook for two primary needs: first is to satisfy their need to are supposed to be, and second, to satisfy their need for self-presentation.
Baumeister & Leary (1995) said that human beings are highly dependent upon social support, and exclusion via a sociable group may well have negative effects to one’s self-esteem. Human beings also are unable to live without social conversation (Sullivan, 1957). These results explain the first need of an specific why they uses Fb; the need to are supposed to be. The second will need of an specific for employing Facebook, the need for self demonstration, is motivated by the “continuous process of impression management as stated by Nadkarni and Hofmann. Why Facebook and Youngsters?
The research is targeted on Fb because it offers over 1 . 1 billion users globally, almost 16% of the world’s population. With this volume of FB users worldwide, Facebook . com is considered as the most popular SNS in the whole universe. In 2011, an investigation used Facebook or myspace usage being a measurement to determine the world’s capital for social network. Researchers concluded that Philippines gets the highest percentage of SNSs users with 93. 6%. Since almost 95% with the Filipinos work with Facebook, is it doesn’t most effective SNS to use in this kind of research daily news. Another thing is the fact, 83% of Facebook users are adults.
Youth reveals themselves on the net with different areas of life, such as their true self, great self, and false personal. With this modern globe, they can present themselves using distinct medium, specifically Facebook seeing that most of its users are young adults. The Needs of a Narcissist and his/her way to pay for it through Facebook Narcissists regulate their self-presentation to make sure positive self-view, they also are likely to lack in interest to form relationship. Exceptional feature and characteristic in Facebook is perfect to aid these types of traits of any narcissist.
The first features of Facebook are mostly specialized features (e. g. applications, photo, news feed, friend list, stick, status, online video, group, talk, and like), some of these one of a kind technical features satisfy the needs of a narcissist for exhibition/self-presentation (e. g. friend list, status, photography and video). Another feature of Fb is its one of a kind way of adding friends. Narcissists are afraid of creating strong bonds; they are interested in Facebook since they can make relationship with loose or “weak ties. A person with high personal inclination for exhibitionism/self-presentation feels free to take the middle of the stage and to entice attention (Bulatao, et. ‘s. ).
Exhibitionism is defined as contacting an attention to oneself and leaving an impression (Hall. ou. al. ). SNSs, just like Facebook, allow users to control their how you dress. This unique characteristic attracts narcissist because they will have more possibility to alter the look of them and character in online SNSs as compared to face-to-face discussion. Given that users of SNSs have practically full control over information disclosure, they can be more strategic in managing self-presentation. Profile photo is the most important element or component to self-presentation mainly because they represent the individual in most of his online activities and activity.
To agree their positive but unrealistic, idealized and inflated self-view, narcissists tend to make their profile pictures more attractive and self-promoting. They choose profile pictures where they look more literally attractive; additionally, they edit and refine all their photos to hide their defects. In a study done by Laura E. Buffardi and Watts. Keith Campbell, they found out that narcissists post inside their “about me section and status revisions are mostly self-promoting. They do this by simply posting fewer entertaining yet much more smart quotes.
In the same study, they also learned that narcissists’ photos will be more attractive that those of the nonnarcissist. They also post photos in which they look more appealing and home promoting. Narcissists are also afraid of creating solid bonds. The unique “Friend list of Fb creates “weak ties considering that the friendship from the two persons in Fb is imaginary. It means that some of a narcissist’s good friends may be friends in actual life, but additional, most likely most of the FB close friends, relationship or perhaps bond is merely on the on the web entity, or just imaginary. In the same study by Buffardi and Campbell, they found thatnarcissist have an overabundance Facebook good friends than nonnracissistic individuals.
Narcissists seek attention and endorsement, they do this to find or maintain their self-esteem. In this world wherever SNSs rule the lives of most persons, especially the children, it is not unexpected to observe that narcissist fulfill their needs through SNSs, specifically Facebook. Summary Social Networking Sites, just like Facebook, help people in many ways especially in communicating, it also have outcomes like advertising narcissism.
Facebook promotes narcissism because its one of a kind feature and characteristic set by the body of this paper (e. g. SNSs’ giving the users almost complete control over information disclosure, and Facebook’s one of a kind “Friend list that create “weak ties which in turn a narcissist seeks) aid their needs pertaining to exhibition/self-presentation and formulating interconnection of weakened ties to boost their self-pride. This unique attribute and feature of Facebook stimulates narcissism in the Filipino youngsters. Limitation This paper only focuses on the Filipino junior. The results in this exploration paper will not be plausible to other sectors. This may have an effect on by the tradition, etnicity, age group, gender, and also other external and internal elements.