Even though ‘old’ battles have occasionally been referred to as ‘interstate industrial warfare’ which involve battles between claims being battled by armed forces in homogeneous, with important encounters being decided on one battlefield, ‘new’ wars have been described by Mary Kaldor as ‘intra-state’ wars. In the last 20 years we have seen a paradigm shift; from armies with identical forces carrying out battle on a field to strategic confrontation between a variety of combatants using several types of weapons.
These kinds of so-called ‘new’ wars which usually involve the application of civilians while both focuses on and aims to be earned, have been said to have been led by globalisation, due to the fact that the integration created has led to “fragmentation, ” as observed in the Yugoslav wars with these wars being battles on id. An personality war can be described as conflict when the quest for ethnic regeneration, indicated through the demand that a people’s collective identity is widely and politically recognised, can be described as primary inspiration for discord. These ‘new’ wars have constructed new sectarian identities (religious, ethical or tribal) that undermine the feeling of a shared political community.
They recreate the perception of political community over the new lines through aim of fear and hate. These ‘intra-state’ personality conflicts have been prominent in several recent clashes, with the Iraq war plus the Arab Spring seeing the recurrence of tensions involving the Shia and Shiite Muslims. Furthermore, clashes in the Congo, Rwanda and Sudan were also fought on the lines of ethnicity, with ethnicity as well being a source in the Yugoslav wars with Slavic Christians being pitted against Bosnian Muslims. Furthermore, ‘new’ wars have different characteristics to ‘old’ wars. As mentioned previous, ‘old’ battles traditionally found conventional soldires fighting against each other, however with ‘new’ wars, we have viewed a blurring between people and military.
This can be noticed through the feminization of conflict, which has been observed in conflicts including Rwanda, as well as the use of child soldiers in conflicts during Africa including Rwanda, Serrania Leone and Congo. This kind of change has meant that women and children would be the main goals and subjects of warfare and informed conflict in today’s conflicts. It estimated that 74% of all Africa wars happen to be fought by children, and whilst rasurado has typically been a by-product of war for several centuries, it is now thought that War Rape is usually genuine army tactic. Battle Rape have been seen primarily in Rwanda where it really is thought that 1 million women were raped and in the Yugoslavian Wars where ‘Rape Camps’ had been set up.
As one UN peacekeeper working in The african continent put it, “It has probably become more hazardous to be a girl than a soldier in an equipped conflict. ” ‘New’ disputes have also viewed new tactics come in to experience aside from ‘War Rape. ‘ Often’ ‘new’ conflicts have experienced the event of ‘Asymmetrical’ wars. Uneven warfare is out there when two combatants are extremely different in their characters, and in their areas of comparative benefit, that a conflict between them comes to turn one particular side’s capability to force lack of to combat on their own terms. Tactics found in these issues are often Faccion warfare and low-intensity struck and work conflict.
An obvious example of this is seen in the conflict in Afghanistan through the use of IEDS and roadside bombs. Essentially this kind of strategies utilized in the ‘war of the flea’ involve inflicting pain as time passes without battling unbearable retaliation in return. Lastly, ‘new’ conflicts differ from ‘old’ conflicts through their money. Whilst ‘old’ conflicts had been funded through the state, since seen in the WW2 and the entrance into ‘total war’, ‘new’ battles are characterized by funding through the criminality of war.
This illegitimate funding has been seen in Macizo Leone, in which funding was acquired throughout the selling of blood diamond jewelry, in Afghanistan where the Taliban are funded through the offering of opium, and finally in the Bosnian conflict, where fake cigarettes financed Para-military teams involved in cultural cleansing. To summarize, recent modern day conflicts have already been classified since ‘new’ issues as they vary through their particular legitimacy, financing and tactics.