Inside the 1950’s the earth had merely come out of the greatest war in human history. In the aftermath of the war many countries took on communism.
It had been against this threat of communism that the Aussie government reacted in such a wide selection of ways. Although there were lots of ways in which Australia reacted there are perhaps 3 that were one of the most prevalent and influential. Firstly Australia directed troops to fight in Korea to stop and prevent the spread of communism plus the start of the dominospiel effect in South Asia.
Secondly the Australian Excellent Minister Robert Menzies put forward the bill that would ban the communist party in Australia and make becoming communist illegitimate. Finally Down under also searched for to establish treaties and relationships with other non-communist countries to provide Australia with an adequate protection, and also to help limit the spread of communism through. It was these strategies that made up Australia’s reaction to communism.
One of Australia’s main replies to the reds was it is participation inside the Korean Warfare. Australia acquired involved in this war for several reasons. You should know was to prevent the “domino effect” that was presumed would mean the fall of most of South East Asia and would put Quotes under direct threat. Supply A reveals the potential implications of not stopping the “red tide”.
The source shows that if actually one country in this region had been lost to communism “the security of Australia on its own would be imperiled”. This very clearly shows the perceptions towards the reds at the time. Resource E moves again to demonstrate how frightened people were of communism and how controversial this kind of topic was. Another enormous reason troops were implemented into Korea was the thought of “forward defence”.
It was presumed that communism could be the majority of effectively held away from Down under by preventing it well away from Australian soil. This policy of forward protection justified the positioning and placing of troops into the Korean Battle. In the response to the internal threat of communism The Aussie Government created some relatively extreme courses of action. Australian Prime Minister proposed legislation, called the Communist Party Dissolution Costs that would help to make communism against the law, ban the communist party and prevent anyone declared a communist by holding work in the federal government or control unions.
The controversial issue in this bill was that in the event that you where accused of being a communist you had been guilty right up until proven faithful. Many individuals were accused to be communist and although nobody was ever before confirmed to be 1 it continue to ruined a large number of lives. Currently the Aussie communist party had twenty four, 000 users and although this was a small amount it still scared many people.
This fear of the reds was practically enough to get Menzies’s bill passed however the large court known as it unconstitutional and opted for not pass it. Although Menzies placed a referendum to pass his bill there is a slight many against ballots. Even though the bill failed to complete it nonetheless shows just how large a concern this was and just how concerned people were about the reds.
Another concern that demonstrated the seriousness of this concern was the ‘Petrov Affair’. This kind of scared people, as there is a possible diamond ring of soviet spies near your vicinity. Menzies manipulated this event to his benefit and so gained the political election and permanently tarnishing the opposition’s status by branding the labour party because communist supporters.
Finally another smaller, but no less significant, action was taken as a reply to the “threat of communism”. Australia began to sign treaties with other countries that were not really communist. The best Minister Robert Menzies was seeking to build a new more secure position for Australia particularly “under the wing”. Sydney needed fresh alliances and allies further than Britain and so we considered America pertaining to support. This kind of need for allies led to the ANZUS arrangement of 51 and the SEATO alliance of 1954.
These types of agreements made certain aid from overseas countries, particularly the US, in case of attack coming from a communism country or indeed virtually any country on the whole. These policies ensured mutual protection from virtually any threat towards the countries involved. Other countries involved in these treaties had been New Zealand as well as various South East Asian countries including Thailand, To the south Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. These countries were included to help stop the advance of communism.
Simply by allying these kinds of countries with the US it absolutely was practically guaranteed that they would resist the red wave of the reds. In the 1950’s Australia implemented many procedures and answers to the developing threat of communism. These types of included each of our involvement inside the Korean Battle, our policy of forward defence, the Communism Party Knell Bill and treaties with America and other countries.
Although Australia was never immediately threatened these types of policies had been prudent actions against the progress and popularity of communism. These responses, when somewhat excessive, were applied to protect Australia and to keep it safe. Bibliography Anderson, Maureen. Retroactive installment payments on your Milton, Qld.: John Wiley & Daughters, 2005. Print.
Orwell G. 1945. Creature Farm. London. Jonathan Hat. “Australia’s Reactions to the Menace of Communism: International. ” Web. 12-15 June 2013.
< http://www.skwirk.com.au/p-t_s-14_u-116_t-313>“80 Days That Changed Our Lives. ” Soviet Diplomats in Canberra Defect. Web. of sixteen June 2013.< http://www.abc.net.au/archives/80days/stories/2012/01/19/3411302.htm>