For many years, throughout the 17th century and 18th hundred years, Britain managed a neutral relationship with its American groupe. By protecting salutary disregard, the United kingdom policy of avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws and regulations, the American colonies continued to be obedient to Britain. Yet , after the French and Indian War (1754-1763), Britain’s relations with its colonist were substantially altered. The war greatly damaged Britain’s economy and because of the pyrrhic success, a series of taxes were integrated on the American colonists.
The unfair taxation ideologically changed the Americans’ views on Britain and they experienced they were not represented in Parliament. French and American indian war improved the relations between The united kingdom and its American colonists politically by giving Great britain control of the east, economically by placing Britain in extreme debts and compelling Parliament to impose taxes on its colonists, and ideologically by shifting the colonists’ dedication towards rebellion against The united kingdom. The French beat in the conflict paved way to the development of English territory through the entire eastern shoreline (Document A).
The colonists began to choose the terrain beyond the Appalachian Mountains, which led to tensions together with the Natives whom primarily lived there. Canassatego, chief from the Onondaga Country of the Iroquois Confederacy, provided a talk to the staff of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. In the speech, he speaks with an accusatory tone when he is angered by the unrightfully settling from the American colonists (Document B). He recognizes the white colored settlers because people who ruin his hunting and address to the reps that they know the dimensions of the colonists have zero right to reconcile in the Natives’ land.
As a result of this speech and Pontiac’s Rebellion, Britain was forced to put into practice the Aveu Line of 1763, which averted American settlers from moving beyond daylight hours Appalachian Mountain range. Generally, this kind of angered the settlers mainly because they thought they deserved the area due to their service in the conflict. This was a primary step to the Americans’ switch of ideology to rebellion.
At the end from the war, Britain’s economy swiftly declined and it fought to shell out its battle debts. As a means to solve this matter, it enforced a series of functions on the American colonists. An english Order in Council of 1763 concluded that the current earnings from the colonies was not adequate to shell out a 4th of the cost to gather it (Document F).
It deemed it necessary to can charge the controversial Stamp Action, a taxes on most paper goods. The council speaks with concern mainly because it stresses the income through the colonies is definitely not practically enough to relieve the debt. The council, however , only appears from Parliament’s view of needing to reduce the debt rather than the colonists’ watch of unfair taxation.
Colonists began to set up protests, chanting “No taxation without representation” as their slogan. On Aug 9, 1765, Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to a close friend, John Hughes. In the letter, Franklin notifies his good friend of the uncertainness of the removal of the Stamps Act.
Though he says it could be wise to stay loyal to Britain because if they were caught speaking about expelling a great act, they will be tried with treason (Document G). Franklin’s standpoint is prudent because he cares for the future of him and his number one ally. He goes on to tell Hughes if this individual attempts to repel the act, his traits will almost always be remembered by the colonists. One other tax applied by the Uk was the Sweets Act, which in turn added a 3 cents tax and sales tax on sugar, a high worth commodity.
The series of taxes provoked the American settlers to boycott all British goods. The boycott greatly weakened the already damaged economy of Britain. As imperialiste unity was created within the exclusion, colonial ideological values differed tremendously after the war.
Colonists were previously filled with animosity due to the Declaration Line of 1763 and the taxation caused Britain’s and the colonists’ relationship to decline further.